Most people think of chocolate as a modern indulgence. But chocolate got its start thousands of years ago in Southern Mexico. The pre-Olmec cultures treasured the cacao bean, which they fermented for a bitter beverage. This was the forerunner of today’s cocoa. When explorers took it back to Europe, someone decided to add sugar and it became a popular sweet treat. Researchers are rediscovering the powerful health benefits of cocoa flavanols. What does recent research reveal about cocoa for brain health?
Skeptics Should Read the Research:
A physician chastised us a few months ago. She disapproved of many companies that advertise supplements that purport to keep you sharp without any evidence to support them. (So do we.) Unfortunately, though, she also maintained that there was no evidence to support cocoa for brain health. We doubt that this health professional bothered to check the medical literature. If she had, she would have found a surprising number of studies supporting the health benefits of these antioxidants.
“Overall, findings suggest that consumption of cocoa flavan-3-ols exert positive effects associated with cognitive processes.”
The authors concluded
“Overall, this set of studies suggest a positive effect of cocoa polyphenols on memory and executive function.”
What Is the Mechanism of Cocoa for Brain Health?
Scientists like to understand how things work. If someone says cocoa is good for cognitive functioning, they want to know why. A study published in Psychopharmacology (Dec. 2019) offers an explanation.
High-flavanol cocoa increases nitric oxide production. This in turn relaxes the lining of blood vessels so they dilate and improve circulation. That is especially important for people with type 1 diabetes. Circulatory problems are common with this condition.
A randomized, controlled trial tested whether cocoa flavanol (CF) supplements could improve blood flow and cognitive function in people with type 1 diabetes. Reaction time was improved when people took 900 mg of cocoa flavanols.
How to Get High-Flavanol Cocoa Supplements:
When most people think of cocoa, they remember their childhood and imagine a steaming mug with marshmallows on top. You can’t count on that kind of drink to provide a consistently high level of cocoa flavanols. What’s more, you definitely don’t want all that sugar. Chocolate candy also contains too much sugar to be health food.
We are happy to alert you to a new supplement from the makers of CocoaVia. Full disclosure: The makers of these unique cocoa supplements underwrite our radio show and newsletter.
CocoaVia is a brand of Mars, Incorporated, a company that has been investing in flavanol research for decades. In that time, the scientists supported by Mars grants have produced convincing evidence of the benefits of cocoa for brain health. The company, in turn, has used that evidence to develop a new supplement, called CocoaVia Memory+. It contains 750 mg of cocoa flavanols, far more than other supplements. We’d like to tell you about the research.
Cocoa Flavanols and Word Recall:
In one study, Italian scientists recruited 90 elderly people who did not have cognitive deficits (American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, March 2015). They divided them randomly into three groups, and each group had a daily drink with a different level of cocoa flavanols, without the investigators or the volunteers knowing who got what. The high-dose group got 993 mg of flavanols, while the intermediate dose was 520 mg. The group getting the 48 mg low-flavanol beverages essentially served as control. In addition, each participants took numerous tests before and after the eight weeks of supplementation.
During those two months, there were no changes in the scores on the MMSE (mini-mental state examination), used to screen for dementia. All the participants got better at two other types of tests: the trail-making test and the verbal fluency test. (Practice can help.) However, those drinking the high-flavanol beverages did significantly better than those in the low-flavanol control group, responding more quickly and remembering many more words.
There were also physiological differences: people getting high-flavanol drinks lowered their insulin resistance, blood pressure and blood fat oxidation. Presumably, these helpful changes all help the brain work better.
Cocoa Flavanols and Spatial Memory:
Scientists at Columbia University had studied animals and found that flavanols could improve spatial memory. To test this in human beings, they recruited 37 people between 50 and 69 years old (Nature Neuroscience, Dec. 2014). Each one took a high- or low-flavanol supplement for three months. Those who took the high-flavanol supplement (900 mg cocoa flavanols with 138 mg epicatechin) performed significantly better on the final cognitive tests and in the fMRI, beating the low-flavanol group by 630 ms (milliseconds). That might not sound like much, but it is equivalent to an aging difference of decades (Nature Neuroscience, Dec. 2014).
In conclusion, an accompanying editorial notes:
“Needless to say, the search for both pharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions to combat cognitive decline and neural loss will march on. But today, Brickman et al provide compelling evidence that including flavanols in your daily diet is good for the aging brain.”
There will be more research on cocoa flavanols and brain health in the future. We suspect that the Columbia University scientists have further results to report. In addition, the COSMOS trial (Cocoa Supplement and Multivitamins Outcomes Study) participants will be taking their supplements through the end of 2020. After that, the investigators will be analyzing the data they have collected on health and cognitive function over the years of the study. So stay tuned to learn more about cocoa compounds and their effects in the future.
Tap the Power of Cocoa Flavanols and Brain Health for Yourself:
Just go to www.CocoaVia.com. Look for the new Memory+ supplements with 750 mg of cocoa flavanols. To experience the benefits for yourself, plan to take the supplement daily for at least eight weeks. Be sure to save: use the code PEOPLES25 for a 25% discount on your first month.