By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 15 Comments
    Terbinafine

    Overview Lamisil is prescribed to treat fungal infections of the toenails or fingernails. In clinical trials, 70 percent of patients had eradicated fungus from toenails after 12 weeks of treatment; 79…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 2 Comments
    Tretinoin

    Overview This acne medication is available in cream, gel and liquid formulations in various strengths. It is very effective in cases of mild or moderate acne, and that is the only condition for which …

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 8 Comments
    Acetaminophen with codeine

    Overview Acetaminophen and codeine is an excellent analgesic combination for mild to moderate pain relief. It can ease the discomfort of a bad toothache or the aftermath of minor surgery, as well as a…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 1 Comments
    Albuterol

    Overview Proventil is the most commonly prescribed asthma inhaler in this country. Although this medicine is also available in tablet form for oral use, the aerosol formulation is less likely to cause…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 32 Comments
    Amlodipine

    Overview Norvasc belongs to a class of medicines called calcium channel blockers. Because they are usually well-tolerated, these drugs have made the treatment of angina and high blood pressure easier.…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 1 Comments
    Amoxicillin

    Overview Polymox closely resembles other penicillin-type antibiotics. This medicine is frequently prescribed because of its broad-spectrum activity against a large number of bacteria. Polymox is effec…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 77 Comments
    Amoxicillin and Clavulanic Acid

    Overview Amoxicillin is the most commonly prescribed antibiotic in the United States. Unfortunately, the widespread use of this penicillin-like drug has led many bacteria to develop resistance to it. …

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 31 Comments
    Raloxifene

    Overview Until fairly recently, women at risk of osteoporosis had a difficult choice: taking estrogen strengthened the bones, but increased the risk of breast cancer. Evista belongs in a new categor…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 154 Comments
    Bupropion

    Overview Even before Prozac, there was Wellbutrin (bupropion). It was the first of a new generation of antidepressants and was introduced in 1985, almost two years before Prozac received FDA approval.…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 1 Comments
    Cisapride

    Overview *** WARNING: THIS DRUG WAS WITHDRAWN FROM THE MARKET BY THE FDA. Propulsid promotes good muscle tone in the gastrointestinal tract and in so doing facilitates the proper movement of food thro…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 0 Comments
    Conjugated estrogens / medroxyprogesterone

    Overview The conjugated estrogen formulation is one of the most commonly prescribed medicines in the country, under the brand name Premarin. The conjugated estrogen formulation is one of the most comm…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 1 Comments
    Conjugated estrogens

    Overview This natural estrogen formulation is one of the most commonly prescribed medicines in the country. The hormones are purified from pregnant mares' urine. Estrogen replacement therapy is pr…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 4 Comments
    Ethinyl estradiol and norethindrone

    Overview This combination oral contraceptive contains synthetic hormones similar to the female hormones estrogen and progestin. It works primarily by preventing the release of eggs from the ovary. Ort…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 2 Comments
    Famotidine

    Overview Pepcid is a popular ulcer drug similar in many respects to Tagamet or Zantac. It works by suppressing the secretion of stomach acid, so it is also used to treat conditions of abnormal acidity…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 3 Comments
    Finasteride

    Overview Proscar is a unique compound that counters some of the negative effects of testosterone in the body. It blocks an enzyme that converts testosterone to a more potent hormone called 5-alpha-dih…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 118 Comments
    Fluoxetine

    Overview Prozac was the first of a new generation of antidepressants to come on the market. It works by enhancing the action of a brain chemical called serotonin. In a few short years this drug has b…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 0 Comments
    Flurbiprofen

    Overview Ansaid is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, or NSAID. Medications in this class are used to relieve pain associated with arthritis, menstrual cramps, headaches, minor surgery, bursitis, …

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 0 Comments
    Ipratropium bromide

    Overview Atrovent is an inhaled medication used to open the airways in chronic conditions like asthma, emphysema and chronic bronchitis. It is generally used as preventive or maintenance therapy, rath…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 4 Comments
    Lansoprazole

    Overview Prevacid, like Prilosec, fights acid secretion by blocking the final step. This so-called proton pump is prescribed for the short-term treatment of duodenal ulcer, inflammation of the esopha…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 1 Comments
    Medroxyprogesterone

    Overview Provera is derived from a natural female hormone, progesterone. It is prescribed to bring on menstrual periods or treat abnormal uterine bleeding. Although other uses have not yet been approv…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 11 Comments
    Naproxen sodium

    Overview Anaprox is a pain reliever used for arthritis, menstrual cramps, headaches, dental surgery, bursitis, tendinitis, sprains, strains and other painful conditions. It belongs to a class of medic…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 0 Comments
    Nitroglycerin sublingual tablets

    Overview Nitrostat is prescribed to people who suffer chest pain due to angina. It is used both for prevention and to treat an acute attack. The medication is taken by holding it under the tongue at t…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 1 Comments
    Nizatidine

    Overview Axid is a popular treatment for ulcers that helps them clear up rapidly. It works in part by suppressing the secretion of stomach acid by blocking histamine receptors in the digestive tract (…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 221 Comments
    Omeprazole

    Overview Prilosec is the first of a new class of drugs that combat acid secretion by blocking the final step. This so-called proton pump is prescribed for the short-term treatment of duodenal ulcer an…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 132 Comments
    Paroxetine

    Overview Paxil, like the earlier antidepressant Prozac, apparently works by enhancing the action of a brain chemical called serotonin. This medication is prescribed to treat major depression, and has …

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 34 Comments
    Penicillin VK

    Overview Penicillin represents one of the most important drugs ever developed. Its discovery in 1946 permanently changed medicine and set the stage for man's ability to overcome what had previously be…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 0 Comments
    Phentermine

    Overview Phentermine is a fairly old prescription diet drug that has made a recent comeback. Although not an amphetamine, it is similar in many respects and is classified as a controlled substance. Ph…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 59 Comments
    Pravastatin

    Overview Pravachol (generic name pravastatin) is prescribed primarily to lower cholesterol. Heart specialists recognize that coronary artery disease is associated with certain risk factors, including…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 62 Comments
    Prednisone

    Overview Prednisone is available both by generic name and under several brand names. It is a corticosteroid, or hormone-like medication prescribed for a wide variety of conditions. Other cortisone-lik…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 17 Comments
    Propranolol

    Overview Inderal LA is a special long-acting formulation of a propranolol, the pre-eminent member of a class medicines called beta blockers. That means these drugs work in part by blunting the action …