By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 5 Comments
    Donepezil

    Overview Aricept was recently approved for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. This medication is not a cure, and not all patients respond well. Like Cognex, it presumably works by increasing th…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 7 Comments
    Enalapril

    Overview Vasotec is one of the most successful blood pressure medicines on the market. It belongs to a class of drugs called ACE inhibitors which includes Accupril, Capoten, Prinivil and Zestril, amon…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 5 Comments
    Erythromycin

    Overview E-Mycin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that is effective against a large number of bacteria. It helps fight infections in many places in the body including the urinary, genital and digesti…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 2 Comments
    Estradiol

    Overview Estrogen-like drugs are being used ever more widely to treat a number of conditions associated with menopause and later life in women. In addition to menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes o…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 3 Comments
    Ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel

    Overview This combination oral contraceptive contains compounds similar to the female hormones estrogen and progestin. It works primarily by preventing the release of eggs from the ovary. Each packe…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 8 Comments
    Fexofenadine

    Overview Allegra is a relatively new nonsedating antihistamine used to treat allergies such as hay fever. It alleviates symptoms such as runny nose, itchy, watery eyes and sneezing. Allegra was actual…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 12 Comments
    Fluconazole

    Overview Diflucan is the first in a group of antifungal medicines that also includes Nizoral and Sporanox. It is prescribed as a single-dose treatment for vaginal yeast infections. It is also used to …

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 17 Comments
    Furosemide

    Overview Furosemide, sometimes prescribed under the brand name Lasix, is a potent diuretic, or water pill. It is used to treat high blood pressure as well as a number of serious conditions in which …

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 157 Comments
    Fluticasone

    Overview Flonase nasal spray has become a very popular allergy treatment. Corticosteroids (cortisone-like drugs such as prednisone) are very effective at easing irritation and inflammation in the uppe…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 3 Comments
    Glipizide

    Overview Glucotrol is used together with diet and exercise to control non-insulin-dependent, or Type II, diabetes, which was once called "adult-onset diabetes." This pill seems to stimulate the pancre…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 4 Comments
    Glyburide

    Overview DiaBeta is used together with diet and exercise to control non-insulin-dependent, or Type II, diabetes. This condition, formerly called "adult-onset" diabetes, seems to result when the bod…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 14 Comments
    Hydrochlorothiazide and losartan

    Overview Hyzaar combines a new kind of blood pressure medicine (prescribed alone as Cozaar) with an old-fashioned diuretic, hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ). It is prescribed for high blood pressure, especi…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 25 Comments
    Ibuprofen

    Overview Ibuprofen is a pain reliever used primarily for arthritis. It may also be prescribed for menstrual cramps, bursitis, tendinitis, sprains, strains and other painful conditions. It belongs to…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 2 Comments
    Insulin

    Overview Humulin is a product of biotechnology. Produced by special non-disease-causing bacteria in a laboratory, it is an exact replica of human insulin, the hormone that controls the body's use …

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 5 Comments
    Isosorbide mononitrate, extended release

    Overview Imdur is related to an older drug, isosorbide dinitrate, which has long been prescribed to treat angina. This medicine helps the blood vessels relax, and this puts less pressure on the heart.…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 0 Comments
    Itraconazole

    Overview Sporanox is a relatively recent antifungal medicine used to treat certain serious fungal infections such as Histoplasmosis as well as toe- or fingernail fungus. It is also prescribed for trea…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 0 Comments
    Ketorolac tromethamine

    Overview Toradol is a pain reliever in the class of medications commonly called NSAIDs or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Unlike most of the other medicines in this category, which include ove…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 154 Comments
    Levothyroxine

    Overview Thyroid hormones come in a variety of formulations and brand names. Synthroid is the most commonly prescribed of all the thyroid supplements. That is because the dose is more reliable than na…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 373 Comments
    Lisinopril

    Overview Zestril is one of the more recent entries in a class of drugs called ACE inhibitors. The development of this group of medications almost reads like a medical mystery, starting with the ven…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 35 Comments
    Loratadine

    Overview Claritin is the third of a new generation of allergy medicines called histamine H1 receptor antagonists. These nonsedating antihistamines are changing the way doctors control allergy sympto…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 6 Comments
    Lorazepam

    Overview Ativan is an anti-anxiety agent, similar in many respects to Valium. Once called minor tranquilizers or sedatives, such drugs are prescribed to calm jittery nerves and relieve excessive tensi…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 157 Comments
    Losartan

    Losartan was introduced under the brand name Cozaar in 1995 for the treatment of high blood pressure. At the time, it was the first of a new category of blood pressure medicines now known as ARBs, or …

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 127 Comments
    Metformin

    Overview Glucophage is a relatively recent diabetes medicine in the U.S., although it has been available in other countries for over a decade. It is prescribed to people with NIDDM, or "adult onset" …

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 24 Comments
    Nadolol

    Overview Corgard (generic name nadolol) is known as a beta blocker. That means the drug works in part by blunting the action of adrenaline, the body's natural fight-or-flight chemical. People normal…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 0 Comments
    Nefazodone

    Overview Prozac was the first of a new generation of antidepressants. It was followed by Paxil and Zoloft. They work by enhancing the action of a brain chemical called serotonin and are called SSRIs (…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 4 Comments
    Olanzapine

    Overview Zyprexa is the third new medicine to treat schizophrenia, following Clozaril (clozapine) and Risperdal (risperidone). Unlike older anti-psychotic drugs such as Thorazine (chlorpromazine) and …

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 0 Comments
    Oxaprozin

    Overview Daypro is a pain reliever used to treat osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Like other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, it reduces swelling and inflammation as well as alleviating p…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 1 Comments
    Pentoxifylline

    Overview This medicine makes blood flow more easily through blood capillaries. It improves red blood cell flexibility so these oxygen-carrying cells can squeeze through small vessels or those that a…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 26 Comments
    Phenytoin

    Overview Dilantin is one of the oldest and best studied anti-seizure medications on the market. Although it was first developed in 1908, the drug's ability to prevent epilepsy wasn't discovered unti…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 1 Comments
    Potassium chloride, sustained action

    Overview K-Dur is a brand of controlled-release potassium chloride tablet. Although potassium is found in many foods (including apricots, bananas, beets, broccoli, cantaloupe, carrots, fish, peaches…