By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 2 Comments
    Insulin

    Overview Humulin is a product of biotechnology. Produced by special non-disease-causing bacteria in a laboratory, it is an exact replica of human insulin, the hormone that controls the body's use …

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 5 Comments
    Isosorbide mononitrate, extended release

    Overview Imdur is related to an older drug, isosorbide dinitrate, which has long been prescribed to treat angina. This medicine helps the blood vessels relax, and this puts less pressure on the heart.…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 0 Comments
    Itraconazole

    Overview Sporanox is a relatively recent antifungal medicine used to treat certain serious fungal infections such as Histoplasmosis as well as toe- or fingernail fungus. It is also prescribed for trea…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 0 Comments
    Ketorolac tromethamine

    Overview Toradol is a pain reliever in the class of medications commonly called NSAIDs or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Unlike most of the other medicines in this category, which include ove…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 154 Comments
    Levothyroxine

    Overview Thyroid hormones come in a variety of formulations and brand names. Synthroid is the most commonly prescribed of all the thyroid supplements. That is because the dose is more reliable than na…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 373 Comments
    Lisinopril

    Overview Zestril is one of the more recent entries in a class of drugs called ACE inhibitors. The development of this group of medications almost reads like a medical mystery, starting with the ven…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 35 Comments
    Loratadine

    Overview Claritin is the third of a new generation of allergy medicines called histamine H1 receptor antagonists. These nonsedating antihistamines are changing the way doctors control allergy sympto…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 6 Comments
    Lorazepam

    Overview Ativan is an anti-anxiety agent, similar in many respects to Valium. Once called minor tranquilizers or sedatives, such drugs are prescribed to calm jittery nerves and relieve excessive tensi…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 154 Comments
    Losartan

    Losartan was introduced under the brand name Cozaar in 1995 for the treatment of high blood pressure. At the time, it was the first of a new category of blood pressure medicines now known as ARBs, or …

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 127 Comments
    Metformin

    Overview Glucophage is a relatively recent diabetes medicine in the U.S., although it has been available in other countries for over a decade. It is prescribed to people with NIDDM, or "adult onset" …

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 24 Comments
    Nadolol

    Overview Corgard (generic name nadolol) is known as a beta blocker. That means the drug works in part by blunting the action of adrenaline, the body's natural fight-or-flight chemical. People normal…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 0 Comments
    Nefazodone

    Overview Prozac was the first of a new generation of antidepressants. It was followed by Paxil and Zoloft. They work by enhancing the action of a brain chemical called serotonin and are called SSRIs (…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 4 Comments
    Olanzapine

    Overview Zyprexa is the third new medicine to treat schizophrenia, following Clozaril (clozapine) and Risperdal (risperidone). Unlike older anti-psychotic drugs such as Thorazine (chlorpromazine) and …

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 0 Comments
    Oxaprozin

    Overview Daypro is a pain reliever used to treat osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Like other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, it reduces swelling and inflammation as well as alleviating p…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 1 Comments
    Pentoxifylline

    Overview This medicine makes blood flow more easily through blood capillaries. It improves red blood cell flexibility so these oxygen-carrying cells can squeeze through small vessels or those that a…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 26 Comments
    Phenytoin

    Overview Dilantin is one of the oldest and best studied anti-seizure medications on the market. Although it was first developed in 1908, the drug's ability to prevent epilepsy wasn't discovered unti…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 1 Comments
    Potassium chloride, sustained action

    Overview K-Dur is a brand of controlled-release potassium chloride tablet. Although potassium is found in many foods (including apricots, bananas, beets, broccoli, cantaloupe, carrots, fish, peaches…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 2 Comments
    Propoxyphene napsylate and acetaminophen

    Overview Darvocet-N 100 is a popular pain reliever containing propoxyphene and acetaminophen. Propoxyphene, a mild synthetic analgesic, is almost as effective as codeine. In combination with acetamino…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 3 Comments
    Ramipril

    Overview Altace (generic name rampiril) is one of a group of drugs that includes Vasotec and Capoten. These medications are called ACE inhibitors because they affect an enzyme (angiotensin-converting …

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 0 Comments
    Ranitidine bismuth subsalicylate

    Overview Tritec is prescribed together with Biaxin to eliminate the germs often responsible for ulcers, Helicobacter pylori. It works in part by suppressing the secretion of stomach acid, but the comb…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 4 Comments
    Salmeterol

    Overview Serevent is a long-acting bronchodilator. This asthma inhaler is gaining in popularity because of its convenience: it is usually prescribed for use just twice daily (morning and evening). The…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 29 Comments
    Simvastatin

    Overview Zocor (generic name simvastatin) is prescribed primarily to lower cholesterol. Heart specialists recognize that coronary artery disease is associated with certain risk factors, including high…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 10 Comments
    Sucralfate

    Overview Carafate is a unique anti-ulcer medication that appears to work in part by forming a protective layer over stomach sores and speeding healing. It may also reduce some of the damage caused by …

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 33 Comments
    Sumatriptan

    Overview Imitrex is the first of a new kind of medicine prescribed to treat migraines. It works through serotonin receptors to cause constriction of blood vessels to the brain. This in turn stops a mi…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 0 Comments
    Tacrine

    Overview Although Cognex is by no means a brand-new drug, it has only recently been approved for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. This medication is not a cure, and not all patients respond we…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 20 Comments
    Terazosin

    Overview Hytrin (generic name terasozin) is a blood pressure medicine that relaxes the muscles lining the blood vessels. This reduces their resistance to blood flow. This same action, of smooth muscle…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 1 Comments
    Theophylline

    Overview Theo-Dur is a commonly prescribed oral asthma medication that helps open the airways. Theo-Dur is an extended-release formulation that enables patients to control breathing symptoms with one…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 29 Comments
    Thyroid hormones

    Overview Thyroid hormones come in a variety of formulations and brand names. Natural products made of dried thyroid glands from beef and pork are sold as Armour Thyroid, Thyroid Strong and Thyroid US…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 13 Comments
    Timolol

    Overview Timoptic eye drops are very effective at lowering pressure within the eyeand have helped provide an important advance in the treatment of some types of glaucoma. The active ingredient, timolo…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 23 Comments
    Tramadol

    Overview Ultram is a new type of pain reliever. Although it appears to work in part by blocking opioid recepters, it is not considered a narcotic. It is prescribed for moderate to moderately severe pa…