By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 0 Comments
    Captopril

    Overview Capoten was the first of a new class of blood pressure medicines called ACE (for angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitors. The development of this unique drug almost reads like a medical mys…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 32 Comments
    Carbamazepine

    Overview Carbamazepine (Carbatrol, Equetro, Tegretol) is prescribed for the control of a variety of seizure disorders. It is also used as a special kind of pain reliever for trigeminal neuralgia whi…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 0 Comments
    Cefaclor

    Overview Ceclor is one of the most commonly prescribed antibiotics in the United States. Its popularity is due largely to the drug's broad spectrum activity against a wide range of bacteria. It is hig…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 3 Comments
    Cefadroxil

    Overview Cefadroxil (no longer available by brand name) belongs to a class of potent antibiotics called cephalosporins. This drug works against a wide variety of germs, including staphylococcus and Gr…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 145 Comments
    Cefuroxime axetil

    Overview Ceftin is a highly effective, broad-spectrum antibiotic that works against bacteria that cause a wide range of common problems. This drug is especially beneficial for skin, ear and lung infec…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 195 Comments
    Cephalexin

    Overview Keflex belongs to a class of potent antibiotics called cephalosporins. It is one of the first of these to become available generically and is now often prescribed as cephalexin. This drug wor…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 2 Comments
    Cimetidine

    Overview Cimetidine (Tagamet) was the first of a new class of ulcer drugs, called "H2 antagonists." It works by suppressing the secretion of stomach acid, so it is also used to treat conditions of abn…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 281 Comments
    Ciprofloxacin

    Overview Ciprofloxacin belongs to a class of potent antibiotics called quinolones or fluoroquinolones. These drugs are quite popular with prescribers because they can help cure a wide variety of infec…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 6 Comments
    Clarithromycin

    Overview Biaxin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic related to erythromycin. It is prescribed to fight respiratory tract infections including pneumonia and infections of the skin. Side Effects and Interact…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 75 Comments
    Clonazepam

    Overview Klonopin is an anti-anxiety agent, similar in many respects to Valium. It belongs to a class of medications called benzodiazepines. This class of drugs were once called minor tranquilizers…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 3 Comments
    Co-trimoxazole

    Overview This popular antibiotic is a combination of two sulfa drugs, sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim. It is frequently prescribed for urinary tract infections, middle ear infections, chronic bronch…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 61 Comments
    Diclofenac sodium

    Overview Voltaren is a pain reliever used for arthritis. It belongs to a class of medications commonly called NSAIDs or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Other medicines in this category include …

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 36 Comments
    Diltiazem

    Overview Cardizem CD belongs to a class of medicines called calcium channel blockers. Because of their safety and effectiveness, these drugs have helped revolutionize the treatment of angina and hig…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 10 Comments
    Divalproex sodium

    Overview Depakote is an anticonvulsant prescribed for control of seizures alone or together with other drugs. It is also approved for preventing migraine headaches and for treating manic episodes in p…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 5 Comments
    Donepezil

    Overview Aricept was recently approved for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. This medication is not a cure, and not all patients respond well. Like Cognex, it presumably works by increasing th…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 7 Comments
    Enalapril

    Overview Vasotec is one of the most successful blood pressure medicines on the market. It belongs to a class of drugs called ACE inhibitors which includes Accupril, Capoten, Prinivil and Zestril, amon…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 5 Comments
    Erythromycin

    Overview E-Mycin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that is effective against a large number of bacteria. It helps fight infections in many places in the body including the urinary, genital and digesti…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 2 Comments
    Estradiol

    Overview Estrogen-like drugs are being used ever more widely to treat a number of conditions associated with menopause and later life in women. In addition to menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes o…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 3 Comments
    Ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel

    Overview This combination oral contraceptive contains compounds similar to the female hormones estrogen and progestin. It works primarily by preventing the release of eggs from the ovary. Each packe…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 8 Comments
    Fexofenadine

    Overview Allegra is a relatively new nonsedating antihistamine used to treat allergies such as hay fever. It alleviates symptoms such as runny nose, itchy, watery eyes and sneezing. Allegra was actual…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 12 Comments
    Fluconazole

    Overview Diflucan is the first in a group of antifungal medicines that also includes Nizoral and Sporanox. It is prescribed as a single-dose treatment for vaginal yeast infections. It is also used to …

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 17 Comments
    Furosemide

    Overview Furosemide, sometimes prescribed under the brand name Lasix, is a potent diuretic, or water pill. It is used to treat high blood pressure as well as a number of serious conditions in which …

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 155 Comments
    Fluticasone

    Overview Flonase nasal spray has become a very popular allergy treatment. Corticosteroids (cortisone-like drugs such as prednisone) are very effective at easing irritation and inflammation in the uppe…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 3 Comments
    Glipizide

    Overview Glucotrol is used together with diet and exercise to control non-insulin-dependent, or Type II, diabetes, which was once called "adult-onset diabetes." This pill seems to stimulate the pancre…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 4 Comments
    Glyburide

    Overview DiaBeta is used together with diet and exercise to control non-insulin-dependent, or Type II, diabetes. This condition, formerly called "adult-onset" diabetes, seems to result when the bod…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 14 Comments
    Hydrochlorothiazide and losartan

    Overview Hyzaar combines a new kind of blood pressure medicine (prescribed alone as Cozaar) with an old-fashioned diuretic, hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ). It is prescribed for high blood pressure, especi…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 24 Comments
    Ibuprofen

    Overview Ibuprofen is a pain reliever used primarily for arthritis. It may also be prescribed for menstrual cramps, bursitis, tendinitis, sprains, strains and other painful conditions. It belongs to…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 2 Comments
    Insulin

    Overview Humulin is a product of biotechnology. Produced by special non-disease-causing bacteria in a laboratory, it is an exact replica of human insulin, the hormone that controls the body's use …

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 5 Comments
    Isosorbide mononitrate, extended release

    Overview Imdur is related to an older drug, isosorbide dinitrate, which has long been prescribed to treat angina. This medicine helps the blood vessels relax, and this puts less pressure on the heart.…

    By: Joe Graedon April 1, 2000 0 Comments
    Itraconazole

    Overview Sporanox is a relatively recent antifungal medicine used to treat certain serious fungal infections such as Histoplasmosis as well as toe- or fingernail fungus. It is also prescribed for trea…