The plaque that causes atherosclerosis results from an inflammatory reaction that results in the formation of scar tissue inside blood vessels, a process known as vascular fibrosis. Researchers have now discovered that a compound derived from citrus pectin can interrupt this inflammatory fibrotic process. Pectin is a plant-derived soluble fiber that is used to stiffen jellies and jams. It is found in the white pith just beneath citrus peels.
[Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology: Journal of the American Heart Association,online Nov. 1, 2012]